How do rear brake pads work?
To slow your car down or bring it to a stop, your brake pads are used to clamp down on either side of the brake discs attached to your rear wheels, to create friction and reduce speed.
How often should rear brake pads need replacing?
Symptoms of malfunctioning brakes
Your car doesn’t slow down or stop as well as usual
If you feel that your brakes don’t work as well as normal or they don’t seem to provide the normal level of performance, then your brake pads could be damaged or worn out.
You can hear a squeaking or grinding noise when you brake
Any unusual sounds coming from your brakes during their operation could be a sign that the brake pads are damaged or worn down to the base plate metal.
Your brake warning light on the dashboard is illuminated
If any of your dashboard warning lights are illuminated, the sensor that detects problems or worn out parts and components has detected an issue and activated the system.
The brake pedal is in a lower position than usual
Any change of position in your brake pedal could be because of a problem with the brake pads, discs or brake fluid.
The car vibrates under braking
Excessive movement or vibration when braking could be due to problems with brake pad or disc positioning, or state of repair.
When your car pulls to one side under braking
If only one brake is working correctly, it can cause your car to pull in the direction of the functioning brake.
What causes your brake pads to stop working correctly?
The main reason your brake pads will stop functioning correctly is usually down to general wear. Over time and constant use, the friction material on the surface of the brake pad will wear out.
It’s also possible that foreign objects thrown up from the road can become trapped in the braking system can cause damage to the brake pads. The failure of other brake system components could lead to the incorrect operation, jamming or failure of your brake callipers, causing excessive wear or damage to your brake pads.
DS is the premium automobile marque of the Groupe PSA.
First announced in 2009 by Citroën as its premium sub-brand; it was suggested to be an abbreviation of different spirit or distinctive series. However, in French, the name is considered a play on words, as the translation of déesse becomes goddess in English.
How popular is DS in the United Kingdom?
As a newcomer to the UK market in its own right, there were around 35k DS cars on the roads in the UK by the end of 2018. Whether those figures will continue to rise at the same rate shown since their introduction in 2015, only time will tell.
Looking to provide a standalone marque to initially compete with brands such as Volkswagen and Audi, PSA decided that neither Citroën nor Peugeot would be able to carry the brand strength that would be able to make a serious threat in the market with an elevated price-point at the level of quality and luxury they set out to achieve.
DS: Establishing a new range of upmarket models
To compete with the likes of Audi, BMW and Mercedes-Benz, DS introduced a range of hatchbacks, saloons and SUVs but it’s undoubtedly their supermini city car that is proving the most popular.
The DS3, sold as a 3-door hatchback or a convertible, is available in countless customisation options and also as the subcompact luxury crossover SUV DS3 Crossback. The DS3 was voted Car of the Year by Top Gear Magazine, and first place supermini four times in a row in the JD Power Satisfaction UK Survey.
DS: Don’t be fooled into thinking they’re just a one trick pony
At the other end of the range you’ll find the DS7 Crossback. Here’s a large SUV designed to compete directly with the Audi Q5, the BMW X3 and the Mercedes-Benz GLC; that’s quite a jump for a car that’s built by Citroën.
The models that you’ll find between the DS3 and the DS7 are created with the same style for the market in mind. The DS4, a mixture of hatchback and SUV, and the DS5, a bigger hatchback priced and pitched against the Audi A4, the BMW 3 Series and the Mercedes C-Class saloons.
DS’s reliability and reputation
DS didn’t feature in the 30 car brands of the What Car? Reliability Survey in 2018, however, Citroën came in at 25th place so it stands to reason that their premium vehicles should score higher. Not necessarily so. Jaguar, Mercedes-Benz and Land Rover were propping up the wrong end of the survey, and given that the most reliable brands are all Asian manufacturers (with Suzuki, Lexus, Toyota, Kia and Mitsubishi taking the top spots) perhaps it’s simply a case of the rest of the world are having to play catch-up?
Recent DS recalls and reliability issues
Currently there is no information available regarding recall information for DS vehicles as sourced from gov.co.uk data.